Veterinary Anesthesia & Analgesia Support Group
Practical Information for the Compassionate Veterinary Practitioner
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    Intraosseous Venous Access

Bob Stein

April 2011


An often overlooked way to manage venous access for patients that cannot be catheterized through more conventional routes. The complexity of this method is overstated; morbidity is very low. All that is needed are spinal needles.

Past hip region surgeries may affect the anatomy (FHO) or suitability of this technique (Total Hip Replacement) at a given site.

Whenever we use this technique we kick ourselves that we don't use it more often as it is so simple to do and it works so well whether for IV fluids (including shock therapy), IV medications, or IV anesthetics.

    Page References:
    Intraosseous administration of digoxin: same-dose comparison with intravenous administration in the dog model. Pollack CV Jr, Pender ES. J Miss State Med Assoc. 1991 Sep;32(9):335-8.
    Treatment of dogs in hemorrhagic shock by intraosseous infusion of hypertonic saline and dextran. Okrasinski EB, Krahwinkel DJ, Sanders WL. Vet Surg. 1992 Jan-Feb;21(1):20-4.
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Last modified: April 11, 2011 .